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Dr. Ozlem Ayduk

Research Focus: Interpersonal rejection sensitivity and emotion regulation

The following list of publications are a representative sample of research produced by RASCL's members and collaborators. You may download a copy of these papers for personal use by clicking on the citation of interest.


Anderson, C. L., Chen, S., & Ayduk, O. (2020). When does changing emotions harm authenticity? Distinct reappraisal strategies differentially impact subjective and observer-rated authenticity. Self and Identity, 19(5), 590-612.

Orvell, A., Vickers, B. D., Drake, B., Verduyn, P., Ayduk, O., Moser, J., ... & Kross, E. (2021). Does Distanced Self-Talk Facilitate Emotion Regulation Across a Range of Emotionally Intense Experiences?. Clinical Psychological Science, 9(1), 68-78.


Luerssen, A., & Ayduk, O. (2019). Self-esteem and anxious responses to partner feedback: Parsing anticipatory and consummatory anxiety. Personal Relationships, 26(1), 137-157.

White, R. E., Kuehn, M. M., Duckworth, A. L., Kross, E., & Ayduk, O. (2019). Focusing on the future from afar: Self-distancing from future stressors facilitates adaptive coping. Emotion, 19(5), 903.

Lee, D. S., Orvell, A., Briskin, J., Shrapnell, T., Gelman, S. A., Ayduk, O., ... & Kross, E. (2019). When chatting about negative experiences helps-and when it hurts: Distinguishing adaptive versus maladaptive social support in computer-mediated communication. Emotion, 20(3), 368.


Carlson, S. M., Shoda, Y., Ayduk, O., Aber, L., Schaefer, C., Sethi, A., ... & Mischel, W. (2018). Cohort effects in children's delay of gratification. Developmental psychology, 54(8), 1395.

Leitner, J. B., Ayduk, O., Boykin, C. M., & Mendoza-Denton, R. (2018). Reducing negative affect and increasing rapport improve interracial mentorship outcomes. PloS one, 13(4), e0194123.


Leitner, J. B., Ayduk, O., Mendoza-Denton, R., Magerman, A., Amey, R., Kross, E., & Forbes, C. E. (2017). Self-distancing improves interpersonal perceptions and behavior by decreasing medial prefrontal cortex activity during the provision of criticism. Social cognitive and affective neuroscience, 12(4), 534-543.

Luerssen, A., Jhita, G. J., & Ayduk, O. (2017). Putting yourself on the line: Self-esteem and expressing affection in romantic relationships. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 43(7), 940-956.

Kross, E., Vickers, B. D., Orvell, A., Gainsburg, I., Moran, T. P., Boyer, M., ... & Ayduk, O. (2017). Third-person self-talk reduces Ebola worry and risk perception by enhancing rational thinking. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, 9(3), 387-409.


Leitner, J. B., Hehman, E., Ayduk, O., & Mendoza-Denton, R. (2016). Blacks' death rate due to circulatory diseases is positively related to whites' explicit racial bias: A nationwide investigation using project implicit. Psychological science, 27(10), 1299-1311.

Park, J., Ayduk, O. & Kross, E. (2016). Stepping back to move forward: Expressive writing promotes self-distancing. Emotion 16 (3), 349.


Breines, J.G. & Ayduk, O. (2015). Rejection Sensitivity And Vulnerability To Self-Directed Hostile Cognitions Following Rejection. Journal Of Personality ,83, 1-13.

Bruehlman-Senecal, E. & Ayduk, O. (2015). This Too Shall Pass: Temporal Distance And The Regulation Of Emotional Distress. Journal Of Personality And Social Psychology ,108, 356-375.

Luerssen, A., Gyurak, A., Ayduk, O., Wendelken, C. & Bunge, S.A. (2015). Delay Of Gratification In Childhood Linked To Cortical Interactions With The Nucleus Accumbens. Social Cognitive And Affective Neuroscience.


Kross, E., Bruehlman-Senecal, E., Park, J., Burson, A., Dougherty, A., Shablack, H., Bremner, R., Moser, J. & Ayduk, O. (2014). Self-Talk As A Regulatory Mechanism: How You Do It Matters. Journal Of Personality And Social Psychology ,106, 304-324.

Park, J., Ayduk, O., O’Donnell, L., Chun, J., Gruber, J., Kamali, M., McInnis, M.G., Deldin, P. & Kross, E. (2014). Regulating The High: Cognitive And Neural Processes Underlying Positive Emotion Regulation In Bipolar I Disorder. Clinical Psychological Science ,2, 661–674.


Ayduk, O., Gyurak, A., Akinola, M. & Mendes, W.B.(2013). Consistency Over Flattery: Self-Verification Processes Revealed In Implicit And Behavioral Responses To Feedback. Social Psychological And Personality Science,4, 538-545.

Berman, M.G., Yourganov, G., Askren, M.K., Ayduk, O., Casey, B.J., Gotlib, I.H., Kross, E., McIntosh, A.R., Strother, S., Wilson, N.L., Zayas, V., Mischel, W., Shoda, Y. & Jonides, J. (2013). Dimensionality Of Brain Networks Linked To Life-Long Individual Differences In Self-Control. Nature Communications ,4,1373-1379.


Kross, E., Gard, D., Deldin, P., Clifton, J. & Ayduk, O. (2012). “Asking Why” From A Distance: Its Cognitive And Emotional Consequences For People With Major Depressive Disorder. Journal Of Abnormal Psychology,121, 559-569.

Schlam, T., Wilson, N., Shoda, Y., Mischel, W., & Ayduk, O. (2012). Preschoolers’ Delay Of Gratification Predicts Their Body Mass 30 Years Later. Journal Of Pediatrics.


Casey, B.J., Somerville, L.H., Gotlib, I. H., Ayduk, O., Franklin, N. T., Askren, M. K., Jonides, J., Berman, M. G., Wilson, N. L., Teslovich, T., Glover, G., Zayas, V., Mischel, W., & Shoda, Y. (2011). Behavioral And Neural Correlates Of Delay Of Gratification 40 Years Later. Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences, 108, 14998-15003.

Gyurak, A., Hooker, C., Miyakawa, A., Verosky, S.C., Luerssen, A. & Ayduk, O. (2011). Individual Differences In Neural Responses To Social Rejection: The Joint Effect Of Self-Esteem And Attentional Control. Social Cognitive And Affective Neuroscience, 7, 322-31.

Ayduk, O. (2011, September). Making Meaning Out Of Negative Experiences By Self-Distancing. Colloquium Presentation, University Of California, San Francisco, CA.

Mischel, W., Ayduk, O., Berman, M., Casey, B.J., Gotlib, I., Jonides, J., Kross, E., Wilson, N., Zayas, V., & Shoda, Y. (2011). “Willpower” Over The Life Span: Decomposing Self-Regulation. Social Cognitive And Affective Neuroscience, 6, 252-256.


Ayduk, O. & Kross, E. (2010). From A Distance: Implications Of Spontaneous Self-Distancing For Adaptive Self-Reflection. Journal Of Personality And Social Psychology, 98, 809-829.

Ayduk, O. & Kross, E. (2010). Analyzing Negative Experiences Without Ruminating: The Role Of Self-Distancing In Enabling Adaptive Self-Reflection. Social And Personality Psychology Compass, 4, 841-854.

Hooker, C.I., Gyurak, A., Miyakawa, A., Verosky, S.C., & Ayduk, O. (2010). Neural Response To Rejection Cues From A Romantic Partner Predicts Ability To Regulate Mood And Behavior After An Interpersonal Conflict. Biological Psychiatry, 67, 406-413.

Mischel, W., & Ayduk, O. (2010). Willpower In A Cognitive-Affective Processing System: The Dynamics Of Delay Of Gratification. In K. D. Vohs & R. F. Baumeister (Eds.), Handbook Of Self-Regulation: Research, Theory, And Applications, 2nd Ed. (Pp. 83-105). New York: Guilford.

Romero-Canyas, R., Downey, G., Berenson, K., Ayduk, O, & Kang, J. N. (2010). Rejection Sensitivity And The Rejection-Hostility Link In Romantic Relationships. Journal Of Personality, 78, 119-148.


Ayduk, O., & Kross, E. (2009). Asking ‘Why’ From A Distance Facilitates Emotional Processing: A Reanalysis Of Wimalaweera And Moulds (2008). Behaviour Research And Therapy, 47, 88-92.

Ayduk, O., Gyurak, A. & Luerssen, A. (2009). Rejection Sensitivity Moderates The Impact Of Rejection On Self-Concept Clarity. Personality And Social Psychology Bulletin, 35, 1467-1478.

Berenson, K., Gyurak, A., Ayduk, O., Downey, G., Garner, M. J., Mogg, K, Bradley, B. J., & Pine, D. (2009). Rejection Sensitivity And Disruption Of Attention By Social Threat Cues. Journal Of Research In Personality, 43, 1064-1072.

Kross, E. & Ayduk, O. (2009). Boundary Conditions And Buffering Effects: Does Depressive Symptomatology Moderate The Effectiveness Of Distanced-Analysis On Facilitating Adaptive Self-Reflection? Journal Of Research In Personality, 43, 923-927.


Ayduk, O., & Gyurak, A. (2008). Applying The Cognitive-Affective Systems (CAPS) Approach To Conceptualizing Rejection Sensitivity. Social And Personality Psychology Compass, 2/5, 2016-2033.

Ayduk, O., & Kross, E.* (2008). Enhancing The Pace Of Recovery: Self-Distanced Analysis Of Negative Experiences Reduces Blood Pressure Reactivity.Psychological Science, 19, 229-231.

Ayduk, O., Gyurak, A., & Luerssen, A. (2008). Individual Differences In The Rejection-Aggression Link In The Hot Sauce Paradigm: The Case Of Rejection Sensitivity. Journal Of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 775-782.

Ayduk, O., Zayas, V., Downey, G., Cole, A. B., Shoda, Y., & Mischel, W. (2008). Rejection Sensitivity And Executive Control: Joint Predictors Of Borderline Personality Features. Journal Of Research In Personality, 42, 151-168.

Gyurak, A., & Ayduk, O. (2008). Resting Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia Buffers Against Rejection Sensitivity Via Emotion Control. Emotion, 4, 458-467.

Kross, E., & Ayduk, O. (2008). Facilitating Adaptive Emotional Analysis: Distinguishing Distanced-Analysis Of Depressive Experiences From Immersed-Analysis And Distraction. Personality And Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 924-938.


Ayduk, O., Rodriguez, M., Shoda, Y., Mischel, W. & Wright, J. (2007). Verbal Intelligence And Self-Regulatory Competencies: Joint Predictors Of Boys’ Aggression. Journal Of Research In Personality, 41, 374-388.

Gyurak, A., & Ayduk, O. (2007). Defensive Physiological Reactions To Rejection: The Effect Of Self-Esteem And Attention Control On Startle Responses. Psychological Science, 18, 886-892.


Kross, E., Ayduk, O. & Mischel, W. (2005). When Asking “Why’ Doesn’t Hurt: Distinguishing Rumination From Reflective Processing Of Negative Emotions. Psychological Science, 16, 709-715.

Pietrzak, J., Downey, G., & Ayduk, O. (2005). Rejection Sensitivity As An Interpersonal Vulnerability. In M. W. Baldwin (Ed.), Interpersonal Cognition (Pp. 62-84). New York: Guilford Press.

Rodriguez, M., Ayduk, O., Aber, L. J., Mischel, W., Sethi, A., & Shoda, Y. (2005). A Contextual Approach To The Development Of Self-Regulatory Competencies: The Role Of Maternal Unresponsivity And Toddlers' Negative Affect In Stressful Situations. Social Development, 14, 136-157.


Levy, S.R., Ayduk, O., & Downey, G. (2001). Rejection Sensitivity: Implications For Interpersonal And Inter-Group Processes. In Mark Leary (Ed.), Interpersonal Rejection (Pp. 251-289). New York: Oxford University Press.

Eigsti, I. M., Zayas, V. Michel, W., Shoda, Y., Ayduk, O., Dadlani, M. B., Davidson, M. C., & Casey, B. J. (2006). Predicting Cognitive Control From Preschool To Late Adolescence And Young Adulthood. Psychological Science, 17, 478-484.

Mischel, W. & Ayduk, O. (2004). Willpower In A Cognitive-Affective Processing System: The Dynamics Of Delay Of Gratification. In R. Baumeister And K. Vohs (Eds.), Handbook Of Self-Regulation: Research, Theory, And Applications (Pp. 99-129). New York: Guilford.


Ayduk, O., May, D., Downey, G., & Higgins, T. (2003). Tactical Differences In Coping With Rejection Sensitivity: The Role Of Prevention Pride. Personality And Social Psychology Bulletin, 29, 435-448.

Zayas, V., Shoda, Y., & Ayduk, O. (2002). Personality In Context: An Interpersonal Systems Perspective. Journal Of Personality, 70, 851-900.


Ayduk, O. & Mischel, W. (2002). When Smart People Behave Stupidly: Inconsistencies In Social And Emotional Intelligence. In R. J. Sternberg (Ed.), Why Smart People Can Be So Stupid? (Pp. 86-105). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Ayduk, O., Mischel, W., & Downey, G. (2002). Attentional Mechanisms Linking Rejection To Hostile Reactivity: The Role Of “Hot” Vs. “Cool” Focus. Psychological Science, 13, 443-448.

Mischel, W., & Ayduk, O. (2002). Self-Regulation In A Cognitive-Affective Personality System: Attentional Control In The Service Of The Self. Self & Identity, 1, 113-120.


Ayduk, O., Downey, G., Kim, M. (2001). Rejection Sensitivity And Depressive Symptoms In Women. Personality And Social Psychology Bulletin, 27, 868-877.

Higgins, E. T., Friedman, R. S., Harlow, R. E., Chen-Idson, L., Ayduk, O., & Taylor, A. (2001). Achievement Orientations From Subjective Histories Of Success: Promotion Pride Versus Prevention Pride. European Journal Of Social Psychology, 3, 3-23.

Levy Et Al. (2001). The Role Of Rejection Sensitivity In People's Relationships With Significant Others In Vallued Social Groups. Individual Differences.

Mendoza-Denton, R., Ayduk, O., Mischel, W., Shoda, Y., & Testa, A. (2001). Person X Situation Interactionism In Self-Encoding (I Am… When… ): Implications For Affect Regulation And Social Information Processing. Journal Of Personality And Social Psychology, 80, 533-544.


Ayduk, O., Mendoza-Denton, R., Mischel, W., Downey, G., Peake, P., & Rodriguez, M. (2000). Regulating The Interpersonal Self: Strategic Self-Regulation For Coping With Rejection Sensitivity. Journal Of Personality And Social Psychology, 79, 776-792.

Downey, G., Feldman, S., & Ayduk, O. (2000). Rejection Sensitivity And Male Violence In Romantic Relationships. Personal Relationships, 7, 45-61.


Ayduk, O., Downey, G., Testa, A., Yen, Y., & Shoda, Y. (1999). Does Rejection Elicit Hostility In Rejection-Sensitive Women? Social Cognition, 17, 245-271.